Information... Research... Conservation

Caconda covers an area of woodlands at fairly high altitude in Huila province the south of Angola (13 44S 15 04E). Many important specimes were collected here by José de Anchieta during the the second half of the 1800s. Dean (2001) summarised all available prior to 1974, listing 235 species, based primarily on the collections of Anchieta and Rosa Pinto and his own observations made nearby.

Since then no further surveys have been made, although visits to the general area show that the area has suffered from broadscale habitat degredation. Because of this it is unlikely that the area still holds important populations of the birds for which it has become known, and may no longer qualify as an IBA.


Dean WRJ. 2001. Angola. Pages 71–91 in Fishpool LDC and Evans MI (eds) Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: priority sites for conservation. Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International.

Bird List with comments

Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris): Dean (2001).
Finsch's Francolin (Scleroptila finschi): Dean (2001).
Red-necked Spurfowl (Pternistis afer): Dean (2001).
Blue Quail (Excalfactoria adansonii): Dean (2001).
Knob-billed Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos): Dean (2001).
Yellow-billed Duck (Anas undulata): Dean (2001).
Abdim's Stork (Ciconia abdimii): Dean (2001).
White Stork (Ciconia ciconia): Dean (2001).
Saddle-billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Dwarf Bittern (Ixobrychus sturmii): Dean (2001).
Western Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis): Dean (2001).
Black-headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala): Dean (2001).
Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta): Dean (2001).
Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus): Dean (2001).
Black Kite (Milvus migrans): Dean (2001).
White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis): Dean (2001).
Brown Snake Eagle (Circaetus cinereus): Dean (2001).
Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus): Dean (2001).
Dark Chanting Goshawk (Melierax metabates): Dean (2001).
Shikra (Accipiter badius): Dean (2001).
Black Sparrowhawk (Accipiter melanoleucus): Dean (2001).
Lizard Buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus): Dean (2001).
Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo): Dean (2001).
Red-necked Buzzard (Buteo auguralis): Dean (2001).
Wahlberg's Eagle (Hieraaetus wahlbergi): Dean (2001).
Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus): Dean (2001).
Long-crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis): Dean (2001).
Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus): Dean (2001).
Dickinson's Kestrel (Falco dickinsoni): Dean (2001).
Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus): Dean (2001).
Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo): Dean (2001).
Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus): Dean (2001).
White-bellied Bustard (Eupodotis senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Black-bellied Bustard (Lissotis melanogaster): Dean (2001).
Red-chested Flufftail (Sarothrura rufa): Dean (2001).
Wattled Crane (Grus carunculata): Dean (2001). Likely to be locally extinct.
Common Buttonquail (Turnix sylvaticus): Dean (2001).
Spotted Thick-knee (Burhinus capensis): Dean (2001).
Blacksmith Lapwing (Vanellus armatus): Dean (2001).
African Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus senegallus): Dean (2001).
Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis): Dean (2001).
African Snipe (Gallinago nigripennis): Dean (2001).
Great Snipe (Gallinago media): Dean (2001).
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola): Dean (2001).
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos): Dean (2001).
Little Stint (Calidris minuta): Dean (2001).
Temminck's Courser (Cursorius temminckii): Dean (2001).
Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata): Dean (2001).
Ring-necked Dove (Streptopelia capicola): Dean (2001).
Laughing Dove (Spilopelia senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Emerald-spotted Wood Dove (Turtur chalcospilos): Dean (2001).
Blue-spotted Wood Dove (Turtur afer): Dean (2001).
African Green Pigeon (Treron calvus): Dean (2001).
Meyer's Parrot (Poicephalus meyeri): Dean (2001).
Schalow's Turaco (Tauraco schalowi): Dean (2001).
Coppery-tailed Coucal (Centropus cupreicaudus): Dean (2001).
Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius): Dean (2001).
Levaillant's Cuckoo (Clamator levaillantii): Dean (2001).
Thick-billed Cuckoo (Pachycoccyx audeberti): Dean (2001).
Klaas's Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx klaas): Dean (2001).
African Emerald Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx cupreus): Dean (2001).
Black Cuckoo (Cuculus clamosus): Dean (2001).
African Cuckoo (Cuculus gularis): Dean (2001).
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus): Dean (2001).
Western Barn Owl (Tyto alba): Dean (2001).
African Scops Owl (Otus senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Southern White-faced Owl (Ptilopsis granti): Dean (2001).
Spotted Eagle-Owl (Bubo africanus): Dean (2001).
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl (Bubo lacteus): Dean (2001).
African Barred Owlet (Glaucidium capense): Dean (2001).
Rufous-cheeked Nightjar (Caprimulgus rufigena): Dean (2001).
Fiery-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus pectoralis): Dean (2001).
Freckled Nightjar (Caprimulgus tristigma): Dean (2001).
Square-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii): Dean (2001).
Pennant-winged Nightjar (Macrodipteryx vexillarius): Dean (2001).
Mottled Swift (Tachymarptis aequatorialis): Dean (2001).
Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina): Dean (2001).
Purple Roller (Coracias naevius): Dean (2001).
Racket-tailed Roller (Coracias spatulatus): Dean (2001).
Lilac-breasted Roller (Coracias caudatus): Dean (2001).
Broad-billed Roller (Eurystomus glaucurus): Dean (2001).
Grey-headed Kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala): Dean (2001).
Brown-hooded Kingfisher (Halcyon albiventris): Dean (2001).
Striped Kingfisher (Halcyon chelicuti): Dean (2001).
Woodland Kingfisher (Halcyon senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Malachite Kingfisher (Corythornis cristatus): Dean (2001).
Giant Kingfisher (Megaceryle maxima): Dean (2001).
Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis): Dean (2001).
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater (Merops hirundineus): Dean (2001).
Little Bee-eater (Merops pusillus): Dean (2001).
Blue-breasted Bee-eater (Merops variegatus): Dean (2001).
White-fronted Bee-eater (Merops bullockoides): Dean (2001).
European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster): Dean (2001).
Southern Carmine Bee-eater (Merops nubicoides): Dean (2001).
African Hoopoe (Upupa africana): Dean (2001).
Green Wood Hoopoe (Phoeniculus purpureus): Dean (2001).
Black Scimitarbill (Rhinopomastus aterrimus): Dean (2001).
Pale-billed Hornbill (Tockus pallidirostris): Dean (2001).
African Grey Hornbill (Tockus nasutus): Dean (2001). Unlikely to co-occur with the previous species.
Southern Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri): Dean (2001).
Anchieta's Barbet (Stactolaema anchietae): Dean (2001).
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus chrysoconus): Dean (2001).
Miombo Pied Barbet (Tricholaema frontata): Dean (2001).
Black-collared Barbet (Lybius torquatus): Dean (2001).
Crested Barbet (Trachyphonus vaillantii): Dean (2001).
Brown-backed Honeybird (Prodotiscus regulus): Dean (2001).
Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor): Dean (2001).
Greater Honeyguide (Indicator indicator): Dean (2001).
Bennett's Woodpecker (Campethera bennettii): Dean (2001).
Golden-tailed Woodpecker (Campethera abingoni): Dean (2001).
Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens): Dean (2001).
Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namaquus): Dean (2001).
Chinspot Batis (Batis molitor): Dean (2001).
White-crested Helmetshrike (Prionops plumatus): Dean (2001).
Retz's Helmetshrike (Prionops retzii): Dean (2001).
Grey-headed Bushshrike (Malaconotus blanchoti): Dean (2001).
Orange-breasted Bushshrike (Chlorophoneus sulfureopectus): Dean (2001).
Brown-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra australis): Dean (2001).
Black-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra senegalus): Dean (2001).
Pink-footed Puffback (Dryoscopus angolensis): Dean (2001). Very likely an error.
Black-backed Puffback (Dryoscopus cubla): Dean (2001).
Swamp Boubou (Laniarius bicolor): Dean (2001). More likely to be Tropical Boubou here.
Brubru (Nilaus afer): Dean (2001).
White-breasted Cuckooshrike (Coracina pectoralis): Dean (2001).
Black Cuckooshrike (Campephaga flava): Dean (2001).
Souza's Shrike (Lanius souzae): Dean (2001).
Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio): Dean (2001).
Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor): Dean (2001).
Southern Fiscal (Lanius collaris): Dean (2001).
African Golden Oriole (Oriolus auratus): Dean (2001).
Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus larvatus): Dean (2001).
Fork-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis): Dean (2001).
African Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis): Dean (2001).
Cape Crow (Corvus capensis): Dean (2001).
Pied Crow (Corvus albus): Dean (2001).
White-tailed Blue Flycatcher (Elminia albicauda): Dean (2001).
White-winged Black Tit (Parus leucomelas): Dean (2001).
Southern Black Tit (Parus niger): Dean (2001). Unlikely to co-occur with the previous species.
Miombo Tit (Parus griseiventris): Dean (2001).
Grey Penduline Tit (Anthoscopus caroli): Dean (2001).
Angola Lark (Mirafra angolensis): Dean (2001).
Flappet Lark (Mirafra rufocinnamomea): Dean (2001).
Common Bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus): Dean (2001).
Grey-rumped Swallow (Pseudhirundo griseopyga): Dean (2001).
Banded Martin (Riparia cincta): Dean (2001).
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica): Dean (2001).
Angola Swallow (Hirundo angolensis): Dean (2001).
White-throated Swallow (Hirundo albigularis): Dean (2001).
Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii): Dean (2001).
Black-and-rufous Swallow (Hirundo nigrorufa): Dean (2001).
Pearl-breasted Swallow (Hirundo dimidiata): Dean (2001).
Common House Martin (Delichon urbicum): Dean (2001).
Lesser Striped Swallow (Cecropis abyssinica): Dean (2001).
Mosque Swallow (Cecropis senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Red-throated Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon rufigula): Dean (2001).
Moustached Grass Warbler (Melocichla mentalis): Dean (2001).
Red-capped Crombec (Sylvietta ruficapilla): Dean (2001).
Dark-capped Yellow Warbler (Iduna natalensis): Dean (2001).
Chirping Cisticola (Cisticola pipiens): Dean (2001).
Levaillant's Cisticola (Cisticola tinniens): Dean (2001).
Stout Cisticola (Cisticola robustus): Dean (2001).
Croaking Cisticola (Cisticola natalensis): Dean (2001).
Short-winged Cisticola (Cisticola brachypterus): Dean (2001).
Neddicky (Cisticola fulvicapilla): Dean (2001).
Miombo Wren-Warbler (Calamonastes undosus): Dean (2001).
Yellow-bellied Eremomela (Eremomela icteropygialis): Dean (2001).
Green-capped Eremomela (Eremomela scotops): Dean (2001).
Black-necked Eremomela (Eremomela atricollis): Dean (2001).
Arrow-marked Babbler (Turdoides jardineii): Dean (2001).
Hartlaub's Babbler (Turdoides hartlaubii): Dean (2001).
African Yellow White-eye (Zosterops senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Yellow-bellied Hyliota (Hyliota flavigaster): Dean (2001).
Spotted Creeper (Salpornis spilonotus): Dean (2001).
Greater Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis chalybaeus): Dean (2001).
Sharp-tailed Starling (Lamprotornis acuticaudus): Dean (2001).
Violet-backed Starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster): Dean (2001).
Babbling Starling (Neocichla gutturalis): Dean (2001).
Groundscraper Thrush (Psophocichla litsitsirupa): Dean (2001).
African Thrush (Turdus pelios): Dean (2001). Unlikely to occur here.
Kurrichane Thrush (Turdus libonyana): Dean (2001).
White-browed Robin-Chat (Cossypha heuglini): Dean (2001).
Miombo Scrub Robin (Erythropygia barbata): Dean (2001).
White-browed Scrub Robin (Erythropygia leucophrys): Dean (2001).
African Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus): Dean (2001).
Capped Wheatear (Oenanthe pileata): Dean (2001).
Familiar Chat (Oenanthe familiaris): Dean (2001).
Sooty Chat (Myrmecocichla nigra): Dean (2001).
Arnot's Chat (Pentholaea arnotti): Dean (2001).
Short-toed Rock Thrush (Monticola brevipes): Dean (2001).
Miombo Rock Thrush (Monticola angolensis): Dean (2001).
Angola Slaty Flycatcher (Dioptrornis brunneus): Dean (2001).
Pale Flycatcher (Bradornis pallidus): Dean (2001).
Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata): Dean (2001).
African Dusky Flycatcher (Muscicapa adusta): Dean (2001).
Böhm's Flycatcher (Muscicapa boehmi): Dean (2001).
European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca): Dean (2001). More likely to be Collared Flycatcher.
Anchieta's Sunbird (Anthreptes anchietae): Dean (2001).
Western Violet-backed Sunbird (Anthreptes longuemarei): Dean (2001).
Amethyst Sunbird (Chalcomitra amethystina): Dean (2001).
Scarlet-chested Sunbird (Chalcomitra senegalensis): Dean (2001).
Bocage's Sunbird (Nectarinia bocagii): Dean (2001).
Oustalet's Sunbird (Cinnyris oustaleti): Dean (2001).
Variable Sunbird (Cinnyris venustus): Dean (2001).
Copper Sunbird (Cinnyris cupreus): Dean (2001).
Yellow-throated Petronia (Gymnoris superciliaris): Dean (2001).
Bocage's Weaver (Ploceus temporalis): Dean (2001).
Holub's Golden Weaver (Ploceus xanthops): Dean (2001).
Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus): Dean (2001).
Bar-winged Weaver (Ploceus angolensis): Dean (2001).
Red-headed Weaver (Anaplectes rubriceps): Dean (2001).
Yellow Bishop (Euplectes capensis): Dean (2001).
Fan-tailed Widowbird (Euplectes axillaris): Dean (2001).
White-winged Widowbird (Euplectes albonotatus): Dean (2001).
Red-collared Widowbird (Euplectes ardens): Dean (2001).
Long-tailed Widowbird (Euplectes progne): Dean (2001).
Brown Firefinch (Lagonosticta nitidula): Dean (2001).
Jameson's Firefinch (Lagonosticta rhodopareia): Dean (2001).
Orange-breasted Waxbill (Amandava subflava): Dean (2001).
African Quailfinch (Ortygospiza fuscocrissa): Dean (2001).
Bronze Mannikin (Lonchura cucullata): Dean (2001).
Pin-tailed Whydah (Vidua macroura): Dean (2001).
Long-tailed Paradise Whydah (Vidua paradisaea): Dean (2001).
Cape Wagtail (Motacilla capensis): Dean (2001).
African Pied Wagtail (Motacilla aguimp): Dean (2001).
Fülleborn's Longclaw (Macronyx fuelleborni): Dean (2001).
Yellow-throated Longclaw (Macronyx croceus): Dean (2001). Likely to be an error.
Rosy-throated Longclaw (Macronyx ameliae): Dean (2001).
African Pipit (Anthus cinnamomeus): Dean (2001).
Long-billed Pipit (Anthus similis): Dean (2001).
Bushveld Pipit (Anthus caffer): Dean (2001).
Brimstone Canary (Crithagra sulphurata): Dean (2001).
Streaky-headed Seedeater (Crithagra gularis): Dean (2001).
Cinnamon-breasted Bunting (Emberiza tahapisi): Dean (2001).
Golden-breasted Bunting (Emberiza flaviventris): Dean (2001).
Cabanis's Bunting (Emberiza cabanisi): Dean (2001).

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